Barry Chiswick, professor of economics and international affairs, addresses the educational, occupational and income progress of Jews in the American labor market. Using theoretical and statistical findings, his collection of self-authored essays compares the experience of American Jews with that of other Americans, from the middle of the 19th century through the present.
Masha Belenky, associate professor of French, examines the connection between public transportation and a fundamental cultural shift in 19th-century Paris. Her account traces how the omnibus — a horse-drawn vehicle for mass urban transport — enabled contact across class and gender lines and became a metaphor for change.
Erica Brown, associate professor and director of the Mayberg Center for Jewish Education and Leadership, offers a close textual and thematic reading of this beloved story of courage and heroism against a background of hate and political ineptitude. The ancient story of Esther, unlikely queen turned powerful leader, sheds light on today's most pressing problems: contemporary antisemitism, sexual tyranny and the absence of leadership.
Daniel Schwartz, professor of history, examines the centuries-old past of the word “ghetto” and how it has come to symbolize both pain and pride. His account traces the word’s journey from the hypersegregated holding pens of Nazi-occupied Eastern Europe to New York’s Lower East Side and beyond.
Arie Dubnov, associate professor of history and Max Ticktin Professor of Israel Studies, has edited the first collective history of the concept of partition by way of three political entities that emerged as a result of partition: the Irish Free State, the Dominions (later Republics) of India and Pakistan and the State of Israel. The collected essays trace the emergence of partition in the aftermath of the First World War and locate its genealogy in the politics of 20th-century empire and decolonization.
Robert Eisen, professor of religion and Judaic studies, examines a dilemma within modern Jewish thought: Although the state of Israel has been plagued by war for much of its existence, Jewish law includes little material on moral issues in times of conflict. He features five prominent rabbis with insight into the key moral questions in war as they create an entire new body of law.
Jenna Weissman Joselit, Charles E. Smith Professor of Judaic Studies and professor of history, situates the Ten Commandments within the fabric of American history and reveals the influence of the scriptural directives on the formation of our national identity — from the 1860 archaeologists who claimed to have discovered pieces of the tablets in Ohio to politicians who proposed them as citizenship tests to psychotherapists who touted them as psychotherapeutic tool.